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Ovary cyst


Lumps called cysts, some filled with fluid, some solid, often develop in an ovary. Multiple cysts are more likely before the menopause, single ones after. A 'follicular cyst' develops in the follicles ('pockets') around eggs that have started ripening and is most likely in 20-40 year-old women. In premenopausal women one in two such cysts disappears spontaneously - sometimes in a few days and usually within a month or two, sometimes six. The other most likely type of premenopausal cyst is associated with polycystic ovaries. Less common are luteal cysts, which are formed in the corpus luteum if it fails to disappear, can delay a period and usually go within a few weeks or months and cysts formed by bleeding into patches of endometriosis. Dermoid 'cysts' are solid benign growths resulting from a developmental abnormality and containing hair, teeth or other tissue unrelated to the ovary.

Tests and investigations for Ovary cyst

If your doctor's examination reveals an enlarged ovary - bigger than 5cm (2in ) across - an ultrasound scan will reveal any ovary cyst and show whether it is fluid-filled or solid. (An MRI or magnetic resonance imaging scan or a CAT or computerized axial tomography scan may be done in some countries.) A blood test for CA125 will suggest whether it's likely to be cancerous.

If a cyst doesn't go within two or three months - or more than a month in a woman over 45 - or if it's troublesome or solid, your doctor may recommend a laparoscopy to view it and, perhaps, drain it, remove it or take a biopsy.

Need to see a doctor

If you have one or more of the symptoms outlined above, and they are unexplained, see a doctor to assess the cause and, if you have an ovary cyst, to establish which type they are and whether they need medical treatment. Get medical help urgently if you have a fever or severe abdominal pain, in case an ovary cyst has become infected or twisted.

 

Medical Conditions
Breast

Gynae cancers
Oestrogen dominance
Oestrogen deficiency
Period pain
Mid cycle pain
Heavy periods
Polycystic ovary syndrome
Ovary cancer
Ovarian Cysts
Fibroids
Prolapse
Cervix cancer

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